Women Employment in Urban Public Transport Sector

WISE - Work Programme

The work in WISE project is very ambitious, especially regarding the short running period till end of November 2011. The work programme is divided in three tasks:

Analysis of the situation by questionnaires dealing with quantitative data

Three different questionnaires are developed and applied: one for the employers, one for the trade unions and one for the employer associations respectively the local authorities. The three questionnaires will be sent each to the respective responsible organizations in every state of the EU-27. The questionnaires are matsched between the social partners.
It is aimed to collect and evaluate data and development trends from various European countries and transport companies, which enable a State of the Art of the situation of women in transport professions. These data include among others:
  1. Shares of women in the companies;
  2. Distribution of women in the various professions and fields of activities of the local European transport;
  3. Qualifications and competences of women in transport professions;
  4. Women in management and coordination functions;
  5. Women – working hours – work organization;
  6. Health and safety at work aspects;
  7. Special promotion programs for women in transport professions on the part of the companies or governments;
  8. Existing access possibilities for women in the various transport professions (reference to a survey in 1998);
  9. Migration and age backgrounds of women.

An analysis based on a qualitative survey by interviews

The collected quantitative data will be completed by qualitative data. A qualitative survey is necessary due to the fact that some aspects of women recruitment and women enter and remain in the companies could be linked with cultural or mentality aspects and some physiological aspects. Aspects like these and further sensible aspects are better treated by a qualitative survey than by a quantitative questionnaire. By this, it is aimed to get an “im­pression of the real life of women” employed in the public transport companies.
In order to realize a wide range access to women with different kinds of experiences with their occupation, the interviewed people are chosen by several criteria. It is aimed to make a selection of the women, e.g. by age, job tenure, women that recently attained a new position in the companies etc..
The interviews will be anonymous and tape-recorded. They will be done in the local language. A guideline for the qualitative interviews will be developed in order to have a common approach in the different places of interview.
In order to realize a broad insight, a global amount of 50 interviews (interviews with each ten women in five different countries) will be conducted. The five countries are chosen in function of an estimation of the integration/ acceptance of women in the industry of the local public transport sector and the different wealth of the countries: Germany (Berlin), Finland (Helsinki), Belgium (Antwerp), Bulgaria (Sofia) and Romania (Bucharest).

Work Meetings in several companies

Work Meetings will be realized by five visits done by the steering in five companies of five different EU countries. The five cities preselected are: Berlin, Helsinki, Antwerp, Sofia, Bucharest. A guide of discussion during these visits will be developed and established, a scheme and timetable of the visits will care for comparable circumstances.
The Work Meetings will be organized in order to have a direct contact with the situation of the strategies of five public transport companies concerning the women employment and to see the implication of the social partners in the elaboration and the implementation and the follow-up of these strategies as far as they have been involved in this process by the management of the companies. The activities during each of the stay in the companies are:
  • meeting of the Steering Committee members with the management and the works councils (alternatively with members of the national trade union) of the company,
  • discussion of the company’s strategy concerning women employment,
  • separate meeting with the company’s management,
  • separate meeting with the (company’s) trade unions,
  • meeting with representatives of the local authority in charge of the transport,
  • meeting with local work agencies.